The aim of this tree trail is to provide a relaxing, as well as educational, experience for all ages to enjoy.
It consists of both native and exotic species which are known to grow and thrive in the British Isles.
It comprises both newly-planted and established trees.
The trees are numbered from 1 to 25, and can all be found in woodlands, parks, streets and botanical
gardens throughout the United Kingdom.
We have used both the common and Latin names of the trees. This is because common names of trees
and plants can vary around the world.
The trail is just over three quarters of a kilometre, and normally takes around an hour to complete.
1 - English Oak Quercus robur
The English Oak is native to the British Isles and can be found all
over the United Kingdom. Some very old specimens - aged up to
and over 1,000 years - still exist today. The Oak has a well-earned
place in British history and is home to many different species of
mammals and insects.
2 - Tree of Heaven Ailanthus altissima
Native to South East Asia and Australasia, this fine
tree can be found in abundance in England's
parks and gardens. When given room to
mature, the Tree of Heaven is ideal for
providing shade with its large, pinnate
leaves which grow up to 50 cm in length.
A pinnate leaf consists of a stem of several
3 - Red Oak Quercus rubra
This large, maturing tree is one of many in the Oak
family. It is native to North America and has a fiery
red autumnal colour. The Red Oak is now a
common feature in Britain's landscape.
4 - Himalayan Birch Betula utilis jacquemontii
This relatively small, maturing tree is native to the Western
Himalayas and was first introduced into Britain in about 1880. It is
often planted for its bright, white bark which can provide much-
needed colour in the dark days of winter.
5 - Deodar Cedar Cedrus deodara
The Deodar Cedar is native to the Western Himalayas and
Afghanistan and was introduced into Europe in 1831. It is very
common throughout the British Isles and can be found in large
gardens, parks and arboretums.
6 - Walnut Juglans regia
Native to South Eastern Europe and China, the Walnut is prized for
its fruits and timber. The timber is of real value to cabinet makers
but has been so popular that it can now only be found as veneer on
expensive furniture, or on the dashboards of luxurious cars.
7 - Silver Maple Acer saccarinum
The Silver Maple is native to North America where it is a popular
street tree. As it matures, it will easily reach twenty metres and
makes a graceful feature in any park or large garden.
8 - Hornbeam Carpinus betulus
Although native to the South East of England, the Hornbeam can be
found in parks and large gardens throughout the country. It has a
silvery-grey, striped bark and is popular as a specimen, woodland
and hedging tree.
9 - London Plane Platanus x hispanica
London Plane trees can be found in abundance in
streets, squares, parks and gardens - from the
smallest towns to the largest cities of Great Britain.
They were first planted in England in 1680, and have
become one of the most popular street trees of the last 200
years because of their ability to survive in very harsh conditions -
including The Blitz. Shrapnel can still be found in some tree trunks.
10 - Tulip Tree Liriodendron tulipiferaa
The Tulip Tree, native to North America, was first introduced in the
late 1600s. Its unique leaf shape - like a Maple leaf with the top cut
off - makes it one of the more unusual trees on the trail. It has a
tulip-shaped, white flower which usually only blooms in June or July
during hot summers.
11 - Cypress Oak Quercus robur 'Fastigiata'
A cultivar of the English Oak, the Cypress Oak is becoming more
popular with landscape architects. Its upright form makes it an ideal
choice for locations where the Common Oak would not have room
12 - Weeping Ash Fraxinus excelsior 'Pendula'
The Weeping Ash is a cultivar of the native Ash tree, and has been
popular for many years. Frequently found in parks, gardens and
churchyards, this most unusual tree has unique drooping and
13 - Dawyck Fagus sylvatica 'Fastigiata'
This cultivar of the common Beech is, along with the Cypress Oak
(see tree number 11), becoming more popular. It has an
impressive, columnar form with striking, glossy green leaves.
14 - Honey Locust Gleditsia triacanthos
The Honey Locust is native to the mid-Western United States. It is
not a common species, but is becoming more frequent in towns
and cities because of its light leaves and open crown. It was
introduced into England in the 1700s, and is making a slow but
invaluable impact on Britain's urban landscape.
15 - Field Maple Acer campestre
The Field Maple is the only maple which is native to the British
Isles. Its golden, autumnal colour and corky bark make it popular
with landscape designers. It is a relatively small tree when it
matures, and this makes it ideal where space is limited.
16 - Dawn Redwood Metasequoia glyptostroboides
The Dawn Redwood is unusual because it is a deciduous conifer
- this means that it loses its needles in the Autumn. It grows well
in wet areas and is prized for its pinkish-red and yellow autumnal
colour, hence its name - Dawn Redwood. Only discovered in 1941
by Western plant hunters, this magnificent tree is surprisingly
common in the British Isles.
17 - Sweet Chestnut Castanea sativa
Introduced from Southern Europe, probably by the
Romans, this fine tree is prized for its edible fruits -
chestnuts. The Sweet Chestnut is sometimes still
used for coppicing to produce fencing, fuel,
cattle food and, on occasions, walking sticks.
18 - Small Leafed Lime Tilia cordata
This tree is probably native to the
limestone soils of the Wye Valley and
Southern Yorkshire, although some believe it
was introduced into Britain by the Romans.
It can be found in most towns and cities in the
British Isles, and is a popular street tree.
19 - Ornamental Pear Pyrus calleryana 'Chanticleer'
With its hardy nature and upright form, this tree is ideal for street
planting. It has brilliant white blossom and glossy, green leaves
which turn pinkish-red in the Autumn.
20 - Manna Ash Fraxinus ornus
Native to Southern Europe and Western Asia, this popular tree is
planted in abundance in parks, gardens and streets throughout
the British Isles. Relatively small when mature, this tree is ideal
where space is limited.
21 - Giant Redwood, Giant Sequoia or Wellingtonia Sequoiadendron gigantium
The Giant Redwood is the
largest tree in the world. In
its native lands it can reach a
height of 80 metres, and have a
trunk diameter of 9 metres. This wonderful tree was discovered in
1841 in California. Seeds were sent to Britain in 1853, the year
the Duke of Wellington died, hence the name - Wellingtonia. The
other common name comes from the Cherokee Indian Chief
Sequoia who invented the Cherokee alphabet.
22 - Common Beech Fagus sylvatica
Native to the South East of England and the
Midlands, this giant of the forest can be found
throughout the British Isles. Thriving on chalk and well-drained,
sandy soils, the Beech is popular in parks, gardens and
woodlands. As with the Oak, some old Beech trees are estimated
to be up to, or over, 1000 years old.
23 - Pillar Apple Malus tschonoskii
This small, maturing tree is native to Japan. It is ideal for planting
in small gardens and can be found in streets and parks across the
country. It has a narrow, upright crown and a brilliant, golden-
orange autumnal colour.
24 - Sweet Gum Liquidambar styracif lua
The Sweet Gum is native to the Eastern and Southern United States
and was first introduced into the British Isles in the late 1600s.
Prized for its outstanding autumnal colour, it is frequently found in
parks, gardens and roadsides.
25 - Red Maple Acer rubrum
The Red Maple is a fast growing and popular street tree. It is
native to North America, and has a brilliant scarlet, golden